FAA Overview of Small UAS
Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
Summary of Major Provisions of Proposed Part 107
The following provisions are being proposed in the FAA’s Small UAS NPRM.
Unmanned aircraft must weigh less than 55 lbs. (25 kg).
Visual line-of-sight (VLOS) only; the unmanned aircraft must
remain within VLOS of the operator or visual observer.
At all times the small unmanned aircraft must remain close
enough to the operator for the operator to be capable of seeing the
aircraft with vision unaided by any device other than corrective
Small unmanned aircraft may not operate over any persons not
directly involved in the operation.
Daylight-only operations (official sunrise to official sunset,
Must yield right-of-way to other aircraft, manned or unmanned.
May use visual observer (VO) but not required.
First-person view camera cannot satisfy “see-and-avoid”
requirement but can be used as long as requirement is satisfied in
Maximum airspeed of 100 mph (87 knots).
Maximum altitude of 500 feet above ground level.
Minimum weather visibility of 3 miles from control station.
No operations are allowed in Class A (18,000 feet & above)
Operations in Class B, C, D and E airspace are allowed with the
required ATC permission.
Operations in Class G airspace are allowed without ATC
No person may act as an operator or VO for more than one
unmanned aircraft operation at one time.
No careless or reckless operations.
Requires preflight inspection by the operator.
A person may not operate a small unmanned aircraft if he or she
knows or has reason to know of any physical or mental condition that
would interfere with the safe operation of a small UAS.
Proposes a microUAS option that would allow operations in Class
G airspace, over people not involved in the operation, provided the
operator certifies he or she has the requisite aeronautical
knowledge to perform the operation.
Operator Certification and Responsibilities
Pilots of a small UAS would be considered “operators”.
Operators would be required to:
Pass an initial aeronautical knowledge test at an FAA-approved
knowledge testing center.
Be vetted by the Transportation Security Administration.
Obtain an unmanned aircraft operator certificate with a small UAS
rating (like existing pilot airman certificates, never expires).
Pass a recurrent aeronautical knowledge test every 24 months.
Be at least 17 years old.
Make available to the FAA, upon request, the small UAS for
inspection or testing, and any associated documents/records required
to be kept under the proposed rule.
Report an accident to the FAA within 10 days of any operation that
results in injury or property damage.
Conduct a preflight inspection, to include specific aircraft and
control station systems checks, to ensure the small UAS is safe for
FAA airworthiness certification not required. However, operator
must maintain a small UAS in condition for safe operation and prior
to flight must inspect the UAS to ensure that it is in a condition
for safe operation. Aircraft Registration required (same
requirements that apply to all other aircraft).
Aircraft markings required (same requirements that apply to all
other aircraft). If aircraft is too small to display markings in
standard size, then the aircraft simply needs to display markings in
the largest practicable manner.
Proposed rule would not apply to model aircraft that satisfy all
of the criteria specified in Section 336 of Public Law 112-95.
The proposed rule would codify the FAA’s enforcement authority
in part 101 by prohibiting model aircraft operators from endangering
the safety of the NAS.
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Administration Regulations (EAR) (administered by the U.S. Department of
Commerce), the Arms Export Control Act (AECA) (22 U.S.C. 2778), and the
International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) (22 C.F.R.)
(Administered by the U.S. Department of State). Further, Homeland
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to change without notice.