Why purchase small helicopters instead of
larger, more commonly used helicopters?
Unmanned aircraft technology provides an
alternative to traditional aviation for law
enforcement agencies. Unmanned or remotely
piloted aircraft are much cheaper to own and
operate than traditional fixed-wing planes
and helicopters. Although our small
helicopters look similar to hobby aircraft,
they are equipped with more sophisticated
navigation and communication equipment that
allows for safer and more reliable
operations and are operated under different
FAA Fact Sheet for Unmanned Aircraft
What is a Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)?
Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) also
referred to as an Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS)
is a helicopter or aircraft, which can
operate under its own control or under the
control of a remote human pilot.
aircraft (as defined by 14 CFR 1.1) that is
intended to navigate in the air without an
What is a Unmanned
Aircraft System (UAS)
aircraft and its associated elements related
to flight operation which may include
Control Stations, data communications links,
support equipment, payloads, flight
termination systems, and launch/recovery
the difference between an Unmanned Aircraft
System (UAS), a Remotely Operated Aircraft (ROA),
and an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)?
ROA and UAV were terms previously used to
identify unmanned aircraft. Currently the
FAA and most of the international community
uses the term “UAS."
- What is a RC Model Aircraft?
A UAS used
by hobbyists and flown within visual
line-of-sight under direct control from the
pilot, which can navigate the airspace, and
which is manufactured or assembled, and
operated for the purposes of sport,
recreation and/or competition.
- Do I
need to get approval from the FAA to fly a
model aircraft for recreational use?
guidance does not address size of the model
aircraft. FAA guidance says that model
aircraft flights should be kept below 400
feet above ground level (AGL), should be
flown a sufficient distance from populated
areas and full scale aircraft, and are not
for business purposes. FAA
Fact Sheet for Unmanned Aircraft
their restrictions for model airplanes?
Yes! Although a hobbyist does not need a
license of COA to fly RC model RC airplanes
and helicopters must also obey FAA Rules and
UAS Aviation Rulemaking Committee;
DOT Model Aircraft Operating Standards;
And, Model Aircraft operations that are
conducted in accordance with an FAA accepted
set of standards established and
administered by a community based
association as discussed in Section 2.2,
shall otherwise be exempt from the
requirements of any Special Federal
Airworthiness Regulation (SFAR) that results
from this recommendation as long as they are
- Do I
need to get FAA approval for commercial use
of a UAV?
Yes! You will need to file a Petition for a
FAA 333 Exemption. Our Team of
strategic partners can help you with the
What’s the difference between public and
aircraft is one that is only for the United
States government or owned and operated by
the government of a state, the District of
Columbia, or a territory or possession of
the U. S. or a political subdivision.
Operators of public aircraft include DOD,
DOJ, DHS, NASA, NOAA, state/local agencies
and qualifying universities. Civil aircraft
means other than a public aircraft.
need a License to Operate to fly a
commercial UAV in
the National Airspace (NAS)?
Yes, before you
can operate a UAV in National Airspace System
(NAS) you must have a Certificate of Authorization (COA).
Who can receive a COA to fly a UA in the
Public agencies and individuals/companies
for commercial use an unmanned
FAA issued pilot certificates required to
operate civil UAS?It depends on where you
intend to operate, but in all cases you need
to be additionally trained in all specific
details of the UA being operated.
long does the process take?
experience, depending on the complexity,
from 2 months to 1 year. But, 60-90 days is
a “Public Agency?”
Any agency that operates a public aircraft
(14 CFR Part 1.1). If you receive funding
from the federal government at some level,
you are probably a “Public Agency.” a public
agency can never operate under the
guidelines of Advisory Circular 91-57 (Model
Aircraft Operating Standards).
there Grants available for the purchase of a
UAV for government public agencies?
Yes, grants are available for the
purchase of an unmanned aerial aircraft.
FEMA is a great source for
Does Homeland Surveillance & Electronics LLC offers
Grant writing services?
Yes! Our team of experienced Grant writers
can help with your grant writing?
financing, leasing or rental available?
Homeland Surveillance & Electronics LLC will help you
arrange financing, leasing or rental of our
- Is there
Homeland Surveillance & Electronics LLC
offers several comprehensive
training courses to
qualify you on all aspects of our products
as well as special law enforcement training
long does the process take to obtain an
experience, depending on the system and
operational complexity, the process may take
from 60 to 90 days.
What does Auto Flight
Pilot-in-Command (PIC) is able to maintain
stable flight without constant direct
intervention. To at least some degree,
control surface movements result from
sensors and software automation on-board the
What is Collision Avoidance?
a last resort maneuver of an aircraft to
avoid an imminent collision. Without the
maneuver a collision might occur.
What is Conflict
which seeks to ensure that aircraft remain
safely separated and well clear of each
other as to not present a collision hazard.
What is a Control Station?
not on the aircraft, used to maintain
control, communicate, guide, or otherwise
operate an unmanned aircraft.
What are Data
between the unmanned aircraft and the
Control Station which includes the command,
status, communications, and payload links.
- What is Launch/Recovery
Equipment, not on-board the aircraft, used
to launch and recover an unmanned aircraft
which could also include unique navigation
and differential positioning equipment used
for autonomous landing.
- What is Pilot-in-Command?
Same as 14 CFR 1.1
- What is Manual Flight Control?
PIC is able to directly control the
aircraft such that control inputs made at the Control Station are translated
directly into corresponding control surface positions. Augmentations which
help maintain flight stability are permitted.
- What is a UAS Flight Crewmember?
a pilot, visual observer, payload operator
or other person assigned duties for a UAS for the purpose of flight.
- What is a UAS Pilot?
a person exercising control over an
unmanned aircraft during flight.
- What is Visual Line-of-Sight?
Unaided (corrective lenses and/or
sunglasses exempted) visual contact with aircraft sufficient to be able to
maintain operational control of the aircraft, know its location, and be able
to scan the airspace in which it is operating to decisively see and avoid
other air traffic or objects.
- What is a Visual Observer?
a UAS flight crew member who assists the
UAS PIC in the duties associated with collision avoidance. This includes,
but is not limited to, avoidance of other traffic, airborne objects, clouds,
obstructions, and terrain.